Appendix Ⅰ Statistical Vocabulary

A


  艾恩尼斯关系Arrhenius relation
  安全性评价数据集safety set
  按比例分层随机抽样proportion allocation in stratified random sampling

B


  把握度power of test
  百分比趋势trend of percentage
  百分构成条图percentage bar chart
  百分回收率percentage recovery
  百分条图percent bar chart
  百分条形图percent bar graph
  百分位曲线percentile curves
  百分位数percentile
  百分位数法method of percentiles
  百分误差percent error
  半对数格纸semi-logarithmic paper
  半对数图semi-logarithmic chart
  半对数图semi-logarithmic graph
  半对数线图semi-logarithmic line graph
  半计量资料semi-measurement data
  半数效量median effective dose
  半数致死量 median lethal dose[LD50]
  半数致死时间median lethal time
  半衰期half life,half period,half time
  半四联体分析half tetrad analysis
  保险统计方法actuarial method
  保险统计分析actuarial analysis
  报告摘要report summaries
  备择假设alternative hypothesis
  崩溃界/崩溃点breakdown bound
  比较测量comparative measurement
  比较相对数relative ratio
  比较值comparison value
  比例风险proportional hazards
  必然事件sure event
  避孕现用率 contraceptive prevalence
  边缘概率marginal probability
  边缘概率分布marginal probability distribution
  边缘密度函数 marginal density function
  编码程序coded program
  编码数据coded data
  z变换z-transformation
  变换的匹配matching of transformation
  变量数number of variates
  变异的非定常性nonconstancy of variability
  变异度degree of variation
  变异度量指标measures of variation
  变异来源sources of variation
  变异系数coefficient of variation [CV],variation coefficient
  变异指数index of variability
  变异中心center of diversity
  标化率standardized rate
  标准差standard deviation (SD)
  标准估计误差standard error of estimate
  标准化法standardization method
  标准化率standardized rate
  标准化偏回归系数 standardized partial regression coefficient
  标准化死亡比standard mortality ratio
  标准误standard error (SE)
  标准正态分布standard normal distribution
  标准正态分布standardized normal distribution
  标准组reference set
  PXC表PXC table
  宾词标目minor heading
  饼图pie graph
  病案调查case investigation
  病历,病史medical history
  病例对照研究case-control study
  病例检测case detection
  病死率case fatality rate [or case mortality],fatality rate
  伯努力分布Bernoulli distribution
  泊松分布Poisson distribution
  补事件complement of an event
  不成比例次级组含量 disproportionate sub-class numbers
  不等次级组含量unequal subclass number
  不分组资料ungrouped data
  不可能事件impossible event
  不连贯,不相干incoherence
  不完全区组incomplete blocks
  不完全数据incomplete data
  不准确数据inexact data
  步长因子step factor
  部分似然函数 partial likelihood function

C


  参考值reference value
  参数的估计estimation of parameter
  参数估计parameter estimation
  参数检验parametric test
  参数统计parametric statistics
  参照单位值Ridit value
  残差的自相关autocorrelation of residuals
  残差分析residual analysis
  残差图residual plot
  残疾调整生命年disability adjusted life years
  残疾患病率prevalence rate of deformity
  测量法measurement method
  测量范围measurement range
  测量偏倚measurement bias
  测量误差measurement errors
  层次分析法 analytic hierarchy process
  差别不显著difference with insignificance
  差别的标准误standard error of difference
  差别显著difference with significance
  差别显著significant difference
  差分方程difference equation
  尝试法cut-and-try method
  常规标准conventional criteria
  常规标准设计 constant standard design
  常规分析conventional analysis
  常规疗法conventional therapy
  常规深度conventional depth
  常数项constant term
  场误差field error
  成比例次级组含量 proportionate sub-class numbers
  成对斜率pairwise slopes
  成批处理法batch method
  成批数据处理batch data processing
  乘法定理multiplication theorem
  乘积法product method
  乘积矩/协方差product moment
  乘积限法product-limit method
  尺度L估计量L-estimator of scale
  尺度R估计量R-estimator of scale
  重叠,交错overlapping
  重复测量 repeated measure
  重复测量对比矩阵 repeated contrasts matrix
  重复测量设计repeated measurement design
  重复测量资料 repeated measurement data
  重复误差error of replication
  重尾分布heavy-tailed distribution
  重新表达re-expression
  重新设置参数reparametrization
  充分统计量sufficient statistic
  抽样sampling
  抽样比sampling fraction
  抽样比例 sampling proportion,sampling ratio
  抽样点sampling point
  抽样调查sampling survey
  抽样法sampling method
  抽样分布sampling distribution
  抽样检查sampling inspection
  抽样框架sampling frame
  抽样框架清单sampling frame list
  抽样偏差sampling bias
  抽样误差sampling error
  抽样研究sampling study
  初始估计值initial estimate
  初始条件initial condition
  处理treatment
  处理期treat phase
  处理因素study factor, treatment factor
  次级组含量sub-class numbers
  次序sequence
  次要标准minor criteria
  粗出生率crude birth rate [CBR]

D


  大错敏感度gross-error sensitivity
  大剂量方major recipe
  大体再生育率gross reproduction rate
  大样本large sample
  大样本检验large sample test
  大样方major quadrate
  单变量方差分析univariate ANOVA
  单侧检验one sided test
  单侧检验test of one-sided
  单盲single blind
  单尾概率one-tailed probability
  单尾检验one-tailed test
  单尾检验test of one-tailed
  单样本t检验one sample/group ttest
  单因素方差分析one-way ANOVA
  单值估计single-valued estimate
  刀切法jackknife
  导数矩阵derivative matrix
  倒数,交互reciprocal
  倒数变换reciprocal transformation
  倒数差分reciprocal difference
  等比例分配proportional allocation
  等概率区间intervals of equal probability
  等级相关Kendall’s rank correlation Kendall
  等级相关rank correlation
  等级相关系数coefficient of rank correlation
  等级相关系数rank correlation coefficient
  等级资料,有序资料ordinal data
  等级资料ranked data
  等克分子剂量equimolar dose
  等组法method of equivalent group
  低度相关low correlation
  低估underestimate
  第二类误差,假阴性误差error of type Ⅱ
  第二主成分second principal component
  第一类误差,假阳性误差error of type Ⅰ
  第一四分位数first quartile
  第一主成分first principal component
  典型调查typical survey
  典型相关canonical correlation
  典则判别canonical discriminant
  点估计point estimation
  调查表schedule of survey
  调查表schedule table
  调查计划planning of survey
  迭代过度,超射overshoot
  定点fixed-point
  定基fixed base
  定基比relative ratio with fixed base
  定理Bayes’ theory Bayes
  定量分析quantitative analysis
  定量评价quantitative evaluation
  定群[队列]寿命表cohort life table
  定性的qualitative
  定性方法qualitative method
  定性分析qualitative assay
  定性评价qualitative evaluation
  动基比reiative ratio with varied base
  动态数列dynamic series
  动态研究,动态检查dynamic study
  陡度曲线abrupt curve
  读数误差error in reading
  队列分析cohort analysis
  队列研究cohort study
  对比评价comparative evaluation
  对称分布symmetric distribution
  对称中心center of symmetry
  对偶空间图dual-space plot
  对数变换logarithm transformation
  对数变换logarithmic transformation
  对数尺度logarithmic scale
  对数分布logarithmic distribution
  对数剂量logarithmic dose
  对数曲线logarithmic curve
  对数正态分布logarithmic normal distribution
  对数正态分布log-normal distribution
  对数-直线座表图log-liner plot
  对应点corresponding point
  对应状态corresponding state
  对照分析cross-check analysis
  对照实验controlled experiments
  对照组control group
  多变量数据multivariate data
  多阶段抽样multi-stage sampling
  多解multiple solutions
  多维尺度/多维标度 multidimensional scaling [ASCAL]
  多维列联表的层次对数线性模型 HILOGLINEAR
  多维列联表通用模型LOGLINEAR
  多项逻辑斯蒂回归multinomial logistic regression
  多项式曲线polynomial curve
  多余参数/讨厌参数nuisance parameter
  多元T分布multivariate T distribution
  多元线性回归multiple linear regression
  多元响应multiresponse
  多元协方差multiple covariance
  多元协方差分析analysis of multipie covariance
  多中心multi-center
  多重比较multiple comparison
  多重共线性multicollinearity
  多重相关系数coefficient of multipie correlation
  多重响应分析HOMALS
  多重选项multiple response
  多组变量的非线性正规相关 OVERALS

E


  儿童死亡率child mortality rate[CMR]
  二变量相关Bivariate Correlate
  二变量正态分布bivariate normal distribution
  二变量正态总体bivariate normal population
  二次近似quadratic approximation
  二分变量dichotomous variable
  二分类资料binary data
  二分类资料dichotomous data
  二阶导数second derivative
  二阶段抽样two-stage sampling
  二阶最小平方 two-stage least squares
  二类错误/β错误type Ⅱ error
  二项分布binomial distribution
  二项相关binomial correlation
  二元回归模型bivariate regression model
  二元逻辑斯蒂回归binary logistic regression

F


  发病率incidence rate [IR]
  发展速度speed of development
  发展速度velocity of development
  法向加速度acceleration normal
  反比定律reciprocity law
  反对数inverse logarithm
  反推法inverse method
  反应变量responsible variables
  反正弦变换arcsine transformation
  反正弦变换inverse sine transformation
  泛函关系function relationship
  方差square deviation
  方差比variance ratio
  方差不齐heterogeneity of variance
  方差分量variance components
  方差分析 analysis of variance[ANOVA]
  方差分析variance analysis
  方差分析模型ANOVAModels
  方差齐equal variance
  方差齐性homogeneity of variance
  方差齐性检验homogeneity test of variances
  方差一致最小无偏估计uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimate
  方差一致最小无偏估计简称UMVU
  方差元素估计variance component estimation (VARCOMP)
  方差最大正交旋转varimax orthogonal rotation
  方框图,示意图block diagram
  放射性衰变曲线 activity decay curve
  非参数统计parameter-free statistics
  非参数统计试验nonparametric statistical test
  非参数统计学nonparametric statistics
  非参数性检验nonparametric test
  非等比例分配non-proportional allocation
  非对称分布asymmetric distribution
  非机遇一致性potential agreement beyond chance
  非盲open label
  非全面调检incomplete survey
  非条件回归unconditional logistic regression
  非线性加权nonlinear weight
  非线性系统nonlinear system
  非线性相关nonlinear correlation
  非线性回归nonlinear regression
  非依赖现象independent phenomena
  非致死剂量nonlethal dose
  费雪信息量Fisher information
  分布Chi-square distribution X2
  F分布F distribution
  t分布t-distribution
  分布的匹配matching of distribution
  分布函数cumalative of distribution,distribution function
  分布区areal area
  分布区取样areal sampling
  分布曲线profile curve
  分布容积volume of distribution
  分布无关性/免分布 distribution free
  分布形状distribution shape
  分布中心center of distribution
  分布族family of distributions
  分部模型 compartment model
  分层抽样stratified sampling
  分层随机化stratified randomization
  分层整群抽样 stratified cluster sampling
  分化系数,变异系数coefficient of differentiation
  QR分解QR decomposition
  分类变量categorical variable,classified variable
  分类统计classification statistic
  分配律distributive laws
  分配误差error of allocation
  分配系数coefficient of distribution
  分批操作batch operation
  分批抽样sampling of lots
  分批取样batch sampling
  分位数-分位数图/Q-Q图quantilequantile plot/Q-Q plot
  分析Ridit analysis Ridit
  分析流行病学analytic epidemiology
  分析误差analytic error
  分析资料analysis of data
  分组法method of grouping
  分组平均group averages
  分组资料grouped data
  风险函数hazard function
  风险率hazard rate
  峰度系数coefficient of kurtosis,kurtosis coefficient
  符号检验sign test
  符号秩signed rank
  Wilcoxon 符号秩检验 Wilcoxon signed rank test
  符合方案集per protocol set
  符合系数coincidence coefficient
  符合校正coincidence correction
  负偏negatively skewed
  负偏度negative skewness
  负偏态分布negative-skewed distribution
  负线性相关negative linear correlation
  负相关inverse correlation,negative correlation
  附加参数extra parameter
  复合表cross-tabulation table
  复合事件composite events
  复合指标composite variable
  复相关multiple correlation
  复相关系数multiple correlation coefficient

G


  伽玛分布Gamma distribution
  概率分布probability distribution
  概率函数probability function
  概率密度probability density
  概率密度函数probability density function
  概率模型probabilistic model
  概率图probability graph
  感染率infection rate
  高杠杆率点high-leverage point
  高级统计分析程序advanced statistical analysis program
  高斯方程Gaussian equation
  高斯方式,正态分布方式Gaussian manner
  高斯分布/正态分布Gaussian distribution
  高斯-牛顿增量Gauss-Newton increment
  高斯曲线,正态分布曲线Gaussian curve
  高斯增量Gauss increment
  个体变异individual variation
  个体差异individual difference
  个体误差individual error
  更替水平replacement level
  公共变异common variation
  公共度,共性方差communality
  公共方差common variance
  公共回归系数common regression coefficient
  公害分析nuisance analysis
  共同值common value
  共性方差communality variance
  共性因子common factor
  贡献率contribution rate
  构成比,结构相对数constituent ratio
  估计的中位数estimated median
  估计方程estimate equation
  L估计量L-estimator
  P估计量P-estimator
  W估计量W-estimation
  估计量的误差error of estimate
  估计量族family of estimators
  估计量最小方差minimum variance estimator
  估计误差均方estimated error mean squares
  估计误差平方和 estimated error sum of squares
  估计值estimate value
  固定联系constant connection
  固有曲率intrinsic curvature
  关联系数incidence coefficient
  观察单位observation unit,observed unit
  观察方差observational variance
  观察误差error of observation,observation error
  观察性研究observational study
  观察一致性observed agreement
  观察值observed value
  贯序法sequential method
  贯序分析sequential analysis
  贯序检验法sequential test
  贯序设计sequential design
  广义函数generalized function
  广义极限generalized limit
  广义决定系数generalized coefficient of determination
  广义线性模型GENLOG [Generalized liner models]
  归因危险度attributable risk
  归组校正correction for grouping
  国际疾病和死因分类International Classification of Diseases[ICD]
  过失误差gross errors

H


  海森立体阵Hessian array
  汉佩尔M估计量Hampel M-estimators
  好转率,改善率improvement rate
  合并combination pool
  合并标准差combined standard deviation
  合并标准差polled standard deviation
  合并方差combined variance [or pooled variance],polled variance
  恒量,常数constant quantity
  横断面调查cross-section survey
  横断面分析cross-section analysis
  横断面研究,横向研究cross-sectional study
  横座标abscissa
  横座标轴,X轴abscissa axis
  后退逐步回归法backward stepwise
  后验分布posterior distribution
  互不相容mutual exclusive
  互交reciprocal cross
  互相独立mutual independence
  互作变量interaction variance
  划记法tabulation method
  环比link relative ratio
  患病率case rate
  患病率prevalence rate [PR]
  回顾调查retrospective survey
  回顾性调查研究retrospective study
  Cox回归Cox regression
  回归方程regression equation
  回归分析analysis of regression, regression analysis
  回归平方和 regression sum of squares, sum of squares about regression
  回归误差error of regression
  回归系数coefficient of regression,regression coefficient
  回归线line of regression
  回降估计量redescending estimators
  回忆偏倚recall bias
  混杂性偏倚confounding bias
  混杂因素confounding factor
  活动期望寿命active life expectancy life
  活性谱activity profile
  活性系数,活度系数activity coefficient
  活性指数,活度指数activity index
  J
  机遇概率chance probability
  机遇一致性agreement of chance
  积差相关系数coefficient of product-moment correlation
  积和sum of products
  基本死因underlying death cause
  基峰base peak
  基尼均差Gini’s mean difference
  基期base period
  基数排序radix sort
  极大极小L估计量maximum L-estimator
  极大值maximum value
  极限法method of limit
  极小值minimum value
  极值extreme value
  疾病报告report of diseases
  疾病的命名nomenclature of diseases
  疾病分类classification of diseases
  疾病构成比proportion of incidence
  疾病监测disease surveillance
  疾病统计morbidity statistics
  集中趋势central tendency
  集中趋势指标measures of central tendency
  几何标准差geometric standard deviation
  几何均数geometric mean
  几何误差geometrical error
  几率误差probable error
  计分检验score test
  计划生育率family planning rate
  计量资料measurement data,quantitative data
  计数范围count range
  计数资料,定性资料qualitative data
  计数资料count data, enumeration data, numberation data
  计算图,数据分类图nomogram
  计算与逻辑单位 arithmetic and logic unit
  记录recording
  记录表格case charting
  剂量反应曲线dose response curve
  季节分析season analysis
  季节和非季节性单变量模型的极
  大似然估计ARIMA
  加法定理addition theorem
  加权法weighting method
  加权卡方检验/Cochran检验 weighted Chi-square test
  加权平方和weighted sum of square
  加权平均方差 weighted mean square
  加权平均数weighted mean
  加权算术均数arithmetic weighted mean
  加权直线回归weighted linear regression method
  加速度分布图acceleration profile
  加速度空间的维数 acceleration space dimension
  加速度立体阵acceleration array
  加速度向量acceleration vector
  加速反应(种痘) accelerated reaction
  加速因子acceleration factor
  加性方差additive variance
  加性函数additive function
  家庭咨询family counseling
  家系family constellation
  假处理,假治疗dummy treatment
  假定均数assumed mean
  假定平均数guessed mean
  假设检验hypothesis test
  假设检验testing of hypotheses
  假设总体hypothetical universe
  假性相关spurious correlation
  假阳性反应false positive reaction
  假阳性误差false positive error
  假阴性false negative
  假阴性反应false negative reaction
  假阴性误差false negative error
  尖峭态分布leptokurtic distribution
  间接标准化法indirect standardization
  间接推理inference of mediate
  监测数据monitoring data
  检查资料inspection of data
  Kruskal及Wallis检验/多样本的
  秩和检验/H检验Kruskal and Wallis test
  D检验D test
  F检验F test
  q检验Newman-Keuls method
  t检验t-test
  u检验u test
  W检验W test
  Wald检验Wald test
  z检验z-test
  检验或近似t检验separate variance estimation t-test
  检验假设hypothesis under test [to be tested]
  检验水准level of a test
  检验水准size of a test
  检验统计量test statistic
  检验效能power of a test
  简单表simple table
  简单回归simple regression
  简单随机抽样simple random sampling
  简单相关simple correlation
  简单整群抽样simple cluster sampling
  简单直线回归,简单线性回归simple linear regression
  简捷法short-cut method
  简略寿命表abridged life table
  渐近法asymptotic method
  渐近方差asymptotic variance
  渐近偏倚asymptotic bias
  渐近误差asymptotic error
  渐近效率asymptotic efficiency
  降维reducing dimensions
  降序downward rank
  交叉核实法cross validation
  交叉曲线cross curve
  交叉设计cross-over design
  交叉试验cross-over trial
  交互相关cross correlation
  交互作用项interaction terms
  交接序列junction sequence
  交替变异,对立变异alternative variation
  交替测验alternative test
  角相关angular dependence
  角转换angular transformation
  阶层群体hierarchical population
  阶度试验gradient test
  接受域region of acceptance
  结构关系structural relationship
  结构化方程模型structural equation modeling (SEM)
  结合律associative laws
  截面迹图profile trace
  截尾数据censored data
  解释(说明)变量explanatory variable
  解释方差explained variance
  界限点frontier point
  近似F检验pseudo F test
  近似法method of approximation
  近似模型pseudo model
  经验ROC曲线 empirical ROC curve
  经验常数empirical constant
  经验方程empirical equation
  经验分布empirical distribution
  经验概率empirical probability
  经验概率单位empirical probit
  经验假定empirical assumption
  经验拟合empirical fitting
  经验数据empirical data
  茎叶图stem and leaf display
  精密度degree of precision
  精确度degree of accuracy
  净相关系数coefficient of net correlation
  净再生育率net reproduction rate
  矩法method of moment
  拒绝点rejection point
  拒绝域critical region
  聚类分析cluster analysis
  聚类分析 clustering analysis
  绝对残差absolute residuals
  绝对测定,绝对测量absolute measurement
  绝对计数absolute counting
  绝对检测限度 absolute detection limit
  绝对量absolute magnitude
  绝对偏差absolute deviation
  绝对生物利用度absolute bioavailability
  绝对数absolute number
  绝对误差absolute error
  绝对校准曲线法absolute calibration curve method
  绝对值absolute value
  均方(误)差error of mean square
  均方,方差mean square [MS],mean variance
  均方差mean square deviation
  均方根mean square root
  均方回归mean square regression
  均方误差mean square error
  均方值mean square value
  均衡分配balanced allocation
  均数标准误standard error of mean(SEM)
  均数向量average vector
  均匀分布uniform distribution
  均匀坐标uniform coordinate
  均值-均值比较means [Compare means]
  均值平均数的对数log-mean average

K


  卡方检验chi-square [X22] test
  卡方自动交互检测CHAID-x2 Automatic Interaction Detector
  卡普兰一迈耶(评估事件的时间长度)Kaplan-Meier
  卡普兰一迈耶存活曲线 KaplanMerier survival rate
  卡普兰一迈耶曲线Kaplan-Merier curve
  卡普兰一迈耶图 Kaplan-Merier chart
  开放型序贯设计open sequential trial
  柯尔莫哥洛夫-斯米尔诺夫检验 Kolmogorov-Smirnove test
  柯西分布cauchy distribution
  可变性alterability
  可接受的限度,容许界限acceptable limit
  可接受假设acceptable hypothesis
  可靠性程度degree of reliability
  可能相等equally likely
  可逆性reciprocity
  可信[置信]区间confidence interval [CI]
  可信[置信]限confidence limit[CL]
  可信度,置信度degree of confidence
  可信度[置信度]confidence level
  可信度level of confidence
  可疑阳性probable positive
  可重复性repeatability
  客观采样objective sampling
  客观记录objective record
  客观样本objective sample
  控制因素controlling element
  扩充抽样extensive sampling
  扩充拟合extended fit

L


  拉丁方Latin square
  拉丁方检验Latin square test
  拉丁方设计Latin square design
  老年负担系数coefficient of older dependency ratio
  老年人口系数coefficient of older ratio
  老少比ratio of older to child
  雷氏Z值Rayleigh’s Z value
  雷氏检验Rayleigh’s test
  类号class symbol
  类目class title
  类推法method of analogy
  累积函数cumulative function
  累积频数accumulated frequency
  累积曲线accumulation curve
  累积生存概率cumulative probability of survival
  累积梯度accumulation gradient
  累计(积)频率cumulative frequency
  累计(积)误差cumulative error
  累计概率cumulative probability
  累计频数cumulative frequencies
  累计生存率accumulative survival rate
  累计增长量cumulative quantity of increase
  离均差,平均偏差mean diviation
  离均差deviation from average
  离均差deviation from the mean
  离均差积和deviation from sum
  离均差平方和sum of squares of deviation from mean, sum of squares of mean deviation
  离群值截断点outlier cutoffs
  离群值模型models for outliers
  离散变量discrete variable
  离散程度degree of dispersion
  离散趋势tendency of dispersion
  离散趋势指标measures of dispersion
  离散型随机变量discrete random variable
  离中趋势dispersion tendency
  理论频数theoretical frequency
  理论数theoretical number
  历史性队列研究historical cohort study
  立方根cube root
  连接点junction point
  连续型随机变量continuous random variable
  连续性模数modulus of continuity
  连续性校正correction for continuity
  联合分布joint distribution
  联合概率joint probability
  联合概率分布joint probability distribution
  两独立样本f检验或成组t检验 two-sample/group t-test
  两因素方差分析two-way ANOVA
  量表rating scale
  列联表contingency table
  列联系数coefficient of contingency, contingency coefficient
  列效应column effect
  列因素column factor
  临床等效性clinical equivalence
  临床对照实验 controlled clinical trial
  临床分组clinical grouping
  临床结果clinical effectiveness
  临床评价clinical evaluation
  临床试验clinical trial
  临床特征clinical feature
  临床诊断clinical diagnosis
  临床资料clinical data
  临界比critical ratio
  临界值critical value
  灵敏度sensitivity
  岭迹ridge trace
  零相关zero correlation
  流行调查prevalence study
  率的标准误standard error of rate
  轮廓分析profile analysis
  轮廓图profile plot
  逻辑方程logistic equation
  逻辑函数logistic array
  逻辑检查logic check
  逻辑控制;逻辑判定logical equation
  逻辑斯特分布logistic distribution
  逻辑阵列logical array

M


  马氏距离Mahalanobis distance
  盲法blind method
  盲法试验blind experiment
  密度函数density function
  幂函数power function
  幂阶梯ladder of powers
  敏感度曲线sensitivity curve
  名义尺度nominal scale
  名义值nominal value
  名义质量nominal mass
  名义资料nominal data
  模糊概念vague concept
  模拟处理analog processing
  模拟积分analog integration
  模拟计算analog computation
  模拟信息analog information
  模态法modal method
  模型的确定model specification
  模型的修正 modifying the model
  模型统计modeling statistics
  末端观测值extreme observation
  目标分布target distribution
  目标函数objective function

N


  内插法interpolation method
  纳入标准inclusion criteria
  耐抗技术resistant technique
  耐抗线resistant line
  拟合的评估assessing fit
  拟合的切比雪夫准则Chebshev criterion of fit
  拟合优度检验goodness-of-fit test
  拟合值fitted value
  拟合准则criteria for fitting
  拟和优度/配合度goodness of fit
  逆抽样inverse sampling
  逆概率inverse probability
  逆矩阵inverse matrix
  逆相关invert correlation
  逆运算inverse operation
  年感染率 annual infection rate(AIR)
  年龄标准死亡率 agestandardized death rate
  年龄别出生率agespecific birth rate
  年龄别发病率 agespecific attack rate
  年龄别生育率age-specific fertility rate [ASFR]
  年龄别死亡率 agespecific death rate,age-specific death rate [ASDR],agespecific mortality rate
  年龄构成age structure
  年龄性别分布agesex distribution
  年龄性别构成agesex composition
  年龄性别结构agesex structure
  年龄组死亡概率age specific probability of dying

O


  欧式距离Euclidean distance
  偶然变异accident variation
  偶然符合chance coincidence
  偶然误差[随机误差]accident error
  偶然误差probability error
  偶然原因chance cause

P


  排除标准exclusion criteria
  排列测验permutation test
  判别分析discriminant analysis
  判别系数discriminant coefficient
  判别值discriminant function
  配对t检验paired [matched]t-test
  配对比较paired comparison
  配对病例组matched series
  配对调查pairs study
  配对对照matched control, paired control
  配对设计matched pair design,paired design
  配对样本paired sample
  配对资料matched data,pairing data
  配位数coordinate number
  批比较comparison of bathes
  皮尔逊曲线pearson curves
  皮特曼估计量Pitman estimator
  匹配过分布matched distribution
  偏残差partials residuals
  偏度系数asymmetry coefficient
  偏度系数coefficient of skewness
  偏回归,净回归partial regression
  偏回归平方和sum of squares of partial regression
  偏回归系数partial regression coefficient
  偏排序partial sorting
  偏似然函数partial likelihood
  偏相关partial correlation
  偏相关系数coefficient of partial correlation
  偏斜分布skewed distribution
  偏性样本biassed sample
  频率分布frequency distribution
  频率分布表frequency distribution table
  频率函数frequency function
  频率一频率图 proportion-proportion plot / P-P plot
  频率系数coefficient of frequency
  频率直方图frequency histogram
  频谱图frequency spectrogram
  频数多边图frequency polygon
  平方根变换square root transformation
  平方根反正弦变换arcsine square root transformation
  平方和sum of square
  平衡选择balance selection
  平均差average deviation
  平均发展速度average speed of development
  平均量average dose
  平均生存时间mean survival time
  平均世代年数mean length of generation [LG]
  平均寿命average life,mean length of life
  平均误差average error
  平均预期寿命life expectancy at birth
  平均增长率average growth rate
  平均增长速度average speed of increase
  平均值general average,mean value
  平均致死量mean lethal dose
  平均置信区间长度average confidence interval length
  平均住院时间average stay
  平面的假设planar assumption
  平行试验parallel tests
  评估从一个时间点到下一个时间
  点回归相关时的误差AREG
  评价等级evaluation grade
  评价模型evaluation model
  评价试验evaluation test
  破盲breaking of blindness
  普查extensive survey
  普查方法census method
  普通死亡率general death rate
  谱系响应函数hierarchical response function

Q


  期望平面expectation plane
  期望曲面expectation surface
  期望寿命,平均寿命expectation life
  期望值expected values
  齐性检验homogeneity test
  奇异矩阵singular matrix
  起始值starting value
  前后测量设计 premeasure-postmeasure design
  前进逐步回归法forward stepwise
  前瞻调查prospective survey
  前瞻性调查prospective study
  潜在变量lurking variable
  潜在寿命损失年potential years of life lost [PYLL]
  乔洛斯基分解Choleskey decomposition
  切尔诺夫脸谱图Chernoff faces
  切线tangent line
  切向加速度acceleration tangential
  轻尾分布light-tailed distribution
  求值法evaluation method
  球型正态分布spherical distribution
  区间估计interval estimation
  区组大小block size
  区组设计block design
  曲线方程curvilinear equation
  曲线关系curvilinear relation
  曲线回归curvilinear regression
  曲线面积area under the curve
  曲线拟合curve fitting,fitting a curve
  曲线图curve chart
  曲线相关curvilinear correlation
  去死因寿命表cause eliminated life table
  全分析集full analysis set
  全国人口普查national census
  全面调查complete survey,overall survey
  全面普查general census
  全图overall view
  权重系数weighting coefficient
  缺勤率absence rate
  缺失值missing data
  确定系数,决定系数coefficient of determination

R


  人工流产率induced abortion rate
  人口抽样调查survey of population
  人口登记record of population
  人口地区图population plot
  人口调查统计法 census statistic method
  人口分布,总体分布population distribution
  人口构成composition of population
  人口结构population structure
  人口年龄分布population age distribution
  人口寿命population life
  人口死亡death population
  人口统计population statistics
  人口自然增长natural increase of population
  人口总数population size
  人口组成population composition
  人群归因危险度population attributable risk
  人员普查,人群调查census of population
  人员普查登记census-taking registratio regostration
  人员普查统计区域census tract
  任意方向上的加速度acceleration in an arbitrary direction
  任意分布法distribution-free method
  任意分布检验distribution-free test
  容忍区间tolerance interval
  容忍上限tolerance upper limit
  容忍下限tolerance lower limit
  容许变差admissible variation
  容许精度acceptable precision
  容许误差admissible error

S


  三次回归cubic regression
  三盲法triple blind method
  散点图scatter diagram,scatter plot
  筛检screening
  上限superior limit,upper limit
  尚存人数number of survivors
  少儿负担系数coefficient of child dependency ratio
  少儿人口系数coefficient of child ratio
  设计效率design effect
  社会调查分析community diagnosis
  社区分析community analysis
  社区干预试验community intervention trial
  升秩upward rank
  生长系数coefficient of growth
  生成试验的计划卡PLANCARDS
  生存分析survival analysis
  生存概率survival probability
  生存率survival rate
  生存曲线survival curve
  生存人年数number of survival per son-year
  生存时间survival time
  生存总人年数total number of sur vival person-years
  生活方式life style
  生活条件life condition
  生活周期life cycle
  生命表法life table method
  生命曲线life curve
  生态学研究ecological study
  生物等效性bioequivalence
  生物统计变量biometrical variable
  剩余标准差residual standard deviation
  剩余平方和residual sum of squares
  剩余误差remainder error
  失访lost of follow-up
  失拟lack of fit
  失效时间failure time
  失效事件failure event
  时间序列time series
  时间序列分析analysis of time series
  时序检验log rank test
  实(际)时(间)actual time
  实际频数actual frequency
  实际死亡率actual mortality,effective mortality rate
  实际效率actual efficiency
  实际一致性actual agreement beyond chance
  实验/顺序的随机random order
  实验单位experiment unit
  实验动物experimental animal
  实验设计design of experiment,experiment design
  实验数据experimental data
  实验条件experiment condition
  实验误差experiment error
  实验效应experimental effect
  实验性研究experiment study
  实验证据experimental evidence
  实验装置experimental facility
  实验组experimental group
  实用标准convenient criteria
  示意图/简图schematic plot
  试错法trial and error method
  试验抽样experimental sampling
  试验单位experimental unit
  适应范围,适应规范adaptive norm
  收集资料collection of data, data collection
  寿命表life table
  受约束非线性回归 constrained nonlinear regression
  数据资料numerical data
  数据变换data transformation
  数据表格data sheet
  数据处理data handling,data manipulation,treatment of date
  数据点的密度 density of data points
  数据分布data distribution
  数据格式data format
  数据集analysis set,data set
  数据记录data recording
  数据净化data cleaning
  数据库data bank
  数据来源data sources
  数据缺乏data deficiencies
  数据容量data capacity
  数据输出data-out
  数据输入data-in
  数据缩减data reduction
  数据有效性data validity
  数理统计(学)mathematical statistics
  数学模型mathematical model
  数学期望mathematical expectation
  数值变量numerical variable
  数值误差numerical fault
  属性分类attributive classification,qualitative classification
  属性资料attribute data
  双侧检验test of two-sided,two-sided test, two-tailed test
  双对数double logarithmic
  双盲double blind
  双盲法double blind method
  双盲试验double blind trial
  双盲双模拟double dummy
  双权M估计量biweight M-estimator
  双权区间biweight interval
  双尾概率two-tailed probability
  双尾检验test of two-tailed
  双尾检验two-tail test
  双向表two-way table
  双向检验two sided test
  双因素方差分析two-factor analysis of variance
  双因素方差分析two-way analysis of variance
  双指数分布double exponential distribution
  双重对比double contrast
  水平直线轮廓level profile
  顺序数据集sequential data set
  顺序统计量order statistic
  瞬时值,即时值instantaneous value
  斯米尔诺夫检验Smirnov test
  斯皮尔曼等级相关Spearman rank correlation
  死亡概率mortality probability
  死亡人数number of dying
  死亡统计death statistics
  死因别死亡率cause-specific death rate [CSDR]
  死因构成比proportion of dying of a specific cause
  死因构成比proportion of mortality rate [PMR]
  死因顺位rank of cause-specific death rate
  四分位间距quartile range
  四分位数间距inter-quartile range,semi-quartile range
  四格表four fold table
  四格表的Fisher确切概率Fisher probabilities in 2×2 table
  四格表的确切概率法exact probabilities in fourfold table
  似然比likelihood ratio
  似然比检验likelihood ratio test
  似然比检验maximum likelihood ratio test
  似然函数likelihood function
  算术对数纸arith-log paper
  算术格纸arithmetic grid paper
  算术均数arithmetic mean
  随访研究follow-up study
  随机变量chance variable, random variable,stochastic variable
  随机变异chance variation
  随机抽样random sampling
  随机抽样法method of equivalent group
  随机单位组方差分析 randomized blocks analysis of variance
  随机对照试验randomized control trial
  随机分布chance distribution
  随机分配randomized allocation
  随机分析stochastic analysis
  随机化分组random allocation
  随机起伏fluctuation
  随机区组,随机单位组randomized blocks
  随机区组random blocking
  随机区组设计random blocks design,randomized block design
  随机扰动项disturbance
  随机事件random event
  随机试验random experiment
  随机数random number
  随机数目表random numbers table
  随机数字random digits
  随机双盲对照试验 randomized double blind control trial
  随机误差chance error,random error
  随机现象random phenomena
  随机性偏差 deviation from randomness
  随机样本random sample
  5岁以下儿童死亡率child mortality under age 5
  损害系数coefficient of injury
  损失函数lost function
  缩尾均值winsorized mean

T


  泰勒级数Taylor series
  探索性数据分析exploratory data analysis
  探索-摘要explore summarize
  特殊因子specific factor
  特殊因子方差specific factor variance
  特征方程characteristic equation
  特征根characteristic root
  特征函数characteristic function,eigenfunction
  特征曲线characteristic curve
  特征向量characteristic vector
  梯度分析gradient analysis
  梯度曲线gradient curve
  体格检查medical check-up
  条件常数conditional constant
  条件概率conditional probability
  条件回归conditional logistic regression
  条件均数conditional mean
  条件联系conditioned connection
  条件期望conditional expectation
  条件似然conditional likelihood
  条件误差conditional error
  条图bar graph
  调和均数harmonic mean
  调和相关harmonic correlation
  调整率adjusted rate
  调整优势比adjusted odds ratio
  调正死亡率,标准化死亡率adjusted death rate
  停滞期dead time
  通用线性模型GLM [General liner models]
  同等作用equivalent effect
  同位素比isotopic ratio
  同型配对法homologous pair method
  统计表statistical table
  统计参数statistical parameter
  统计处理statistical treatment
  统计方法statistical method
  统计调查statistical survey
  统计分析statistical analysis
  统计归纳statistical inference
  统计检查statistical check
  统计检验statistical test
  统计精度statistical precision
  统计控制statistical control
  统计量statistic
  统计描述statistical description
  统计模型statistical model
  统计软件包[生物医学计算程序]BMDP [Biomedical computer programs]
  统计软件包MINITAB
  SAS统计软件包SAS [Statistical analysis system ]
  统计软件包statistical package for the social science (SPSS)
  统计数列statistical series
  统计图statistical chart, statistical graph,statistical map
  统计推断statistical inference
  统计误差statistical error
  统计效能power of statistics
  统计学联系statistical association
  统计学群体statistical population
  统计学意义statistical significance
  统计总体statistical universe
  推测平均值guessed average
  推断带inference band

W


  外推法extrapolation
  完备统计量complete statistics
  完全不相关complete dissociation
  完全负相关perfect negative correlation
  完全寿命表complete life table
  完全数据complete data
  完全随机化设计completely randomized design
  完全随机设计completely random design
  完全相关 complete correlation,completely correlation, perfect correlation
  完全正相关complete association,perfect positive correlation
  危险比risk ratio
  威布尔分布Weibull distribution
  威斯康星配对法/配对符号秩和检
  验Wilcoxon paired test
  微分方程differential equation
  围产儿死亡率perinatal mortality rate[PMR]
  伪标准差pseudo sigma
  伪随机数pseudo-random number
  尾部面积tail area
  尾长tail length
  尾重tail weight
  卫生统计学public health statistics
  未定误差indeterminate error
  位置L估计量L-estimator of location
  位置R估计量R-estimator of location
  位置W估计量W-estimation of location
  位置不变性location invariance
  位置尺度同变性location and scale equivariance
  位置尺度族location scale family
  位置度量指标measures of location
  位置同变性location equivariance
  稳定方差stabilizing variance
  污染分布contaminated distribution
  污染高斯分布contaminated Gausssian
  污染模型contamination model
  污染正态分布contaminated normal distribution
  无残疾期望寿命 life expectancy free of disability [LEFD]
  无导数方法derivative-free methods
  无偏估计unbiased estimate
  无穷大infinitely great
  无穷小infinitely small
  无统计意义no statistical significance
  无限总体infinite population
  无相关no correlation
  无效假设,检验假设null hypothesis
  无序分类unordered categories
  无约束非线性回归unconstrained nonlinear regression
  误差变量error variance
  误差测定error determination
  误差的估计estimation of error
  误差的估计量estimate of error
  误差范围error range
  误差分布error distribution
  误差概率probability of error
  误差估计error estimate
  误差极限error limit
  误差检验error-proof
  误差控制error control
  误差校正error correcting

X


  希腊拉丁方Graeco-Latin square
  析因法factorial method
  析因分析factorial analysis
  析因试验设计factorial design
  洗脱期wash out period
  系列试验serial tests
  系统抽样systematic sampling
  系统分析法systems analysis method
  系统聚类hierarchical clustering analysis
  系统聚类法hierarchical clustering method
  系统流程图systems flow chart
  系统模拟systems simulation
  系统软件systems software
  系统误差systematic error
  细调常数tuning constant
  下限inferior limit,lower limit
  先验分布prior distribution
  先验概率prior probability
  显著性检验significance test, test of significance
  显著性水平level of significance,significance level
  显著性意义significance
  现场调查field investigation
  现场观察field obsearvation
  现场营养调查field nutrition survey
  现患调查prevalence survey
  现时寿命表current life table
  线积分line integral
  线图line graph,linear chart
  线性范围linear range
  线性方程linear equation
  线性负相关hnear negative correlation
  线性关系linear relationship
  线性规划linear programming
  线性函数linear function
  线性回归linear regression
  线性回归方程equation of linear regression
  线性趋势linear trend
  线性相关linear dependence
  线性相关系数linear correlation coefficient
  线性正相关linear positive correlation
  相等次级组含量 equal sun-class number
  相对离散度relative dispersion
  相对数relative number
  相对危险度relative risk [RR]
  相对误差fractional error
  相关变化correlation change
  相关表correlation table
  相关调查correlation study
  相关方程correlation equation
  相关分析analysis of correlation,correlation analysis
  相关函数correlation function
  相关系数(符号为r)correlation coefficient, coefficient correlation,coefficient of correlation
  相关系数矩阵 correlation coefficient matrix
  相关因子correlation factor
  相关指数correlation index
  相合估计consistent estimate
  相合渐近正态估计consistent asymptotically normal estimate
  相互校正cross calibration
  相互作用interaction effect
  相互作用过程interaction process
  相互作用时间interaction time
  相加addition
  相似性系数similarity coefficient
  相应变异性corresponding variability
  箱图box plot
  箱线图/箱尾图boxplots
  效应大小effect size
  校正表correction table
  校正发生率adjusted rate of occurrence
  校正公式correction formula
  校正均数adjusted means
  校正均值corrected mean
  校正确定系数adjusted determinant
  校正数correction number
  校正系数correction coefficient
  校正一致性adjusted agreement
  校正因子corrected factor
  校正值adjusted value, correction value
  校正指数correction index
  校准标记calibration mark
  校准表calibration chart
  校准曲线calibration curve
  协方差分析analysis of covariance
  协方差矩阵covariance matrix
  协同变异covariation
  斜线分布slant distribution
  新复极差法/Duncan新法Duncan’s new multiple range method
  新生儿死亡率neonatal mortality rate [NMR]
  信息容量information capacity
  行列式的梯度gradient of determinant
  行效应row effects
  行因素row factor
  形曲线sigmoid curve S
  性比例sex ratio
  休伯M估计量Huber M-estimators
  虚潜变量,哑变量 dummy variable
  序数逻辑斯蒂回归ordinal logistic regression
  悬吊根图suspended root gram
  悬链模型catenary model
  悬链曲线catenary curve
  选择性偏倚selection bias
  学生化残差/t化残差 studentized residual

Y


  雅可比行列式Jacobian determinant
  延迟期lag period,lag phase
  延滞作用carry-over effect
  验收质量标准 acceptable quality level
  验证性因子分析confirmatory factor analysis
  阳性预测值positive predictive value
  样本编排sample set up
  样本标准差sample standard deviation
  样本调查,抽样调查sample survey
  样本含量size of sample
  样本回归系数sample regression coefficient
  样本均数sample average
  样本量sample size
  样本量估算sample size estimate
  样本数number of samples
  样本数据sampled data
  样本统计量sampling statistics
  样本值sample value
  样品处理sample treatment
  药品临床试验管理规范Good Clinical Practice [GCP]
  野点/狂点wild point
  野值/狂值wild value
  一般变量general variance
  一阶导数first derivative
  一类错误/α错误type Ⅰ error
  一致的统计量consistent statistic
  一致性检验consistency check
  医学参考值范围medical reference range
  医学人口统计学medical demography
  医学随访medical follow-up
  医学统计学medical statistics
  依从和非依从compliance and noncompliance
  依条件线性conditionally linear
  异常数据点exceptional data point
  意向性分析intention-to-treat
  因变量dependent variable
  因果分析causal analysis
  因果关系causal relation,cause-andeffect relationship
  因果假设causal hypothesis
  因果联系causal association
  因子得分factor score
  因子分析actor analysis
  因子载荷factor loading
  因子载荷矩阵factor pattern
  阴性预测值negative predictive value
  婴儿死亡率infant mortality rate[IMR]
  影响曲线influence curve
  影响因素influential factor
  优切尾效率optrim efficiency
  优势[比数]odds
  优势比odds ratio,[OR]
  尤登指数Youden’s index
  有目的抽样purposive sampling
  有偏估计biased estimate
  有偏统计biased statistic
  有偏误差biased error
  有限差(分法)finite difference
  有限样本finite-sample
  有限总体finite population
  有限总体校正数finite population correction
  有效标准偏差 effective standard deviation
  有效长度active length, effective length
  有效剂量effective dose
  有效利用度effective utilization
  有效率effective rate
  有效群体effective population
  有效扫描时间active scanning time
  有效时间effective time
  有效数字significant figure
  有效系数coefficient of efficiency
  有序变量ordinal variable
  有序分类ordered categories
  有序样品聚类 ordinal clustering methods
  右偏态分布right-skewed distribution
  预备性分析preliminary analysis
  预测值predicted value
  预后指数[得分]prognostic score
  预期寿命life expectancy
  预期误差expected error
  原始残差raw residual
  原始类型initial form
  原始数据initial data
  原始资料raw data
  圆图circle chart,pie diagram
  圆形图pie chart
  约相关矩阵reduced correlation matrix
  孕产死亡率maternal mortality rate[MMR]
  运行方式mode of operation

Z


  增长量quantity of increase
  增长速度speed of increase, velocity of increase
  增益因子gain factor
  诊断符合率 diagnose accordance rate
  诊断试验diagnostic test
  诊断图diagnostic plot
  诊断误差error of diagnosis
  诊断相关分组 diagnose-related groups
  整理表sorting table
  整理资料、数据处理data processing
  整理资料sorting data
  整群抽样cluster sampling
  正常范围normal range
  正常均值normal mean value
  正常值normal value
  正常值范围range of normal values
  正负号函数sign function
  正规方程组normal equations
  正规序列canonical sequence
  正交基orthogonal basis
  正交设计orthogonal design, ORTHOPLAN
  正交试验设计orthogonal experiment design
  正交系数orthogonal coefficients
  正交性条件orthogonality conditions
  正偏positively skewed
  正偏态positive skewness
  正偏态分布positive-skewed distribution
  正确剂量correct dose
  正确名称correct name
  正确总量correct amount
  正态分布normal distribution
  正态分布曲线normal curve of distribution
  正态峰mesokurtosis
  正态峰normal kurtosis
  正态概率曲线normal probability curve
  正态离差normal deviate
  正态曲线normal curve
  正态相关normal correlation
  正态性检验normality test,test of normality
  正态总体normal population
  正弦估计量sine estimator
  正相关positive correlation
  正序correct order
  证实性实验研究confirmatory research
  知情同意informed consent
  直接标准化法direct standardization
  直接推理 inference of immediate
  直条图[条图]bar chart
  直线化rectification
  直线回归方程 linear regression equation
  直线相关linear correlation
  P值P-value
  指标误差/指数误差index error
  指数分布exponential distribution
  指数函数exponential function
  指数曲线exponential curve
  指数式增长exponential growth
  治愈率cure rate,recovery rate
  质量控制quality control
  秩次相关指标rank correlation index
  秩号,序数ordinal number
  秩和sum of ranks
  秩和检验rank sum test, rank-sum test,Wilcoxon rank sum test
  秩检验 rank test
  滞后曲线lag curve
  滞后时间lag time
  置信界限confidence bound
  置信区域confidence region
  置信上限confidence upper limit
  置信下限confidence lower limit
  中位生存率、半数生存率 median survival rate
  中位生存期、半数生存期 median survival time
  中位数检验median test
  中位数平滑median polish
  中心法则central dogma
  中心化和定标centering and scaling
  中心极限定理central limit theory
  中心值central value
  终点事件endpoint event
  终生毒性试验life toxicity test
  终生生育率life-time fertility rat [LTFR]
  钟形曲线bell-shaped curve
  众数组 modal class
  逐步回归stepwise regression
  逐步聚类法K means method
  逐步筛选stepwise selection
  主成分分析principal components analysis
  主段main piece
  主峰main peak
  主效应main effect
  主要标目major heading
  住院率admission rate
  专家评分法specialist-scored method
  Logit转换Logit transformation
  转换transformation
  准备期run in period
  准确度测验accuracy test
  准确度系数coefficient of accuracy
  准则Akaike information’ criterion,Schwarz criterion [SC]
  资料分析data analysis
  资料收集data acquisition
  自变量independent variable
  自然边界natural boundary
  自然对数natural logarithm
  自然零natural zero
  自然顺序natural order
  自然死亡natural death
  自然增长率natural increase rate[NIR]
  自适应估计量adaptive estimator
  自相关分析autocorrelation analysis
  自相关函数autocorrelation function
  自相关系数autocorrelation coefficient
  自由度degree of freedom
  自由度数number of degree of freedom
  自愈natural cure
  综合表aggregative table
  综合评分法synthetic scored method
  综合评价synthetic evaluation
  综合指数synthetic index
  总变异total variation
  总负担系数coefficient of gross dependency ratio
  总和生育率total fertility rate
  总计,总数grand total
  总均值grand mean
  总括适合度inclusive fitness
  总平方和total sum of square
  总平均general mean
  总生育率 general fertility rate[GFR]
  总时间,累计时间cumulative time
  总体方差population variance
  总体均数mean of population,population mean
  总体率population rate
  总体设计general layout
  总值,累计值aggregate-value
  纵向调查longitudinal investigation
  纵向研究longitudinal study
  组段class range
  组合表combinative table
  组合测验combination test
  组合权重combination weight
  组合选择combined selection
  组间among groups
  组间均方mean squares between groups
  组间平方和sum of squares between groups
  组距class interval,class width
  组内分组hierarchical classification
  组内均方 mean squares within group
  组内相关系数intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]
  组上限class upper limit
  组限class limit
  组值class value
  组中值class mid-value, mid-value of class
  最不利分布least favorable distribution
  最不利构形least favorable configuration
  最初水平initial level
  最大似然法 maximum likelihood method
  最大似然估计maximum likelihood estimate [MLE]
  最大值maximum [Max]
  最好切尾估计量best-trim estimator
  最佳拟合法optimum fitting method
  最佳匹配optimum matching
  最适线line of best fit
  最速下降法steepest descent
  最小充分统计量minimal sufficient statistic
  最小二乘(法)least square
  最小二乘法分析least-square analysis
  最小二乘方程式least square equations
  最小二乘准则 criteria of least squares
  最小方差minimum variance
  最小距离估计 minimum distance estimation
  最小绝对残差估计 least-absoluteresiduals estimates
  最小绝对残差拟合 least-absoluteresiduals fit
  最小绝对残差线least-absolute-residuals line
  最小可达方差lowest-attained variance
  最小平方法,最小乘法method of least squares
  最小平方法,最小二乘法 least square method
  最小死亡率minimum mortality
  最小误差法minimum error method
  最小显著差法的简称LSD
  最小显著差数 least significant difference
  最小有效剂量least effective dose
  最小有效量minimum effective dose
  最小致死剂量least fatal dose
  最小致死量minimum fatal dose[MFD],minimum lethal dose
  最优分配optimum allocation
  最优子集回归optimum subsets regression
  最有利构形most favorable configuration
  左侧比率fraction blow
  左偏态分布left-skewed distribution
  左右不对称left-right asymmetry
  作用方式mode of action
  坐标系coordinate system